al-Mahdī

URI https://medievalmideast.org/practice/328

messianic figure and apocalyptic redeemer, sometimes (though not always) associated with the twelfth Shi'ī imam, Muḥammad al-Mahdī

Names

  • Arabic: المهدي = al-Mahdī 1-2
  • Syriac: ܡܗܕܝ = MHDY 3
Show table of instances where this practice is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād.1 before 843 CEc. 820-843 CE687 A.H. / 1288-9 CE1993
Event mentioned by Ibn Baṭṭūṭa.2 before 1354 CE1354-1356early 1180 A.H. / 17661997
Events mentioned by Michael the Syrian3 1056 A.G. / 744-51195-1199?15982009

Sources

  • 1Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, Kitāb al-Fitan, edited by Suhayl Zakkār (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1993), 123, 125, 128, 163-5, 182, 187-193, 197, 198, 199, 201, 202, 204-9, 211-13, 215-35, 237, 239, 243-5, 248, 249, 251, 254, 307, 429-30 [Arabic].
    • Al-Mahdi: Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, The Book of Tribulations: The Syrian Muslim Apocalyptic Tradition, translated by David Cook (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017), 110, 111, 115, 149, 150, 169, 174-5, 177, 178, 180, 187, 188, 189, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195-7, 198, 199, 201, 202-3, 204-6, 207, 208, 209-10, 211, 212-14, 218, 225, 227-8, 258, 314, 426 [English].
  • 2Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), 1:292 [Arabic].
    • al-Mahdī: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), I, 112 [English].
  • 3Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 511 [Syriac].
    • mahdi (le): J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 50-52 [French].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, Jessica Mutter, and McKenzie Cady, “al-Mahdī” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified September 14, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/practice/328.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; abstract; Wikipedia matching; categorization, matching, Arabic collection and transliteration from Ibn Baṭṭūṭa's travel account; and matching, Syriac name collection and transliteration from Michael's chronicle
  • Jessica Mutter: categorization, matching, Arabic name collection and transcription from Nuʿaym Ibn Ḥammād’s Kitāb al-Fitan and matching from Michael's chronicle
  • McKenzie Cady: categorization from Michael's chronicle
Show additional credits