HIMME Place Types

Each place is categorized as one or more place types, drawn from the following list. Some of these types are more specific versions of other types; in general, the most specific relevant type is used. Place entries may be browsed by their different types on this browse page. Some of the definitions are shared, or others modified, from a similar list developed (with overlapping authorship) for The Syriac Gazetteer.

Type Definition
buildingA construction for which there is no more specific category. Examples of this type include palaces and named city gates.
campsiteA known stopping-place for travelers or nomads.
canalAn artificially dug water channel, whether for irrigation or shipping, whether with a current or still water.
caveA subterranean space, from the largest cavern to the smallest hole in the ground.
cemeteryAn area designated for the burial of the deceased.
church A building for Christian religious services. It can be a parish church, a monastic church, a cathedral, or a small chapel used only occasionally, or even a chapel that is part of a larger church if it has a separate dedication or name.
cisternA water storage space, whether covered or not, whether above-ground or in the ground.
dioceseAn ecclesiastical province governed by a bishop, archbishop, metropolitan, catholicos, or patriarch.
fordA place to cross a river without a bridge.
fortificationA military outpost such as a fort or a castle.
gardenA space designated for growing plants, whether for enjoyment or for consumption.
islandA land-mass surrounded on all sides by water.
madrasaA building or space designated for instruction in the Islamic sciences.
marketplaceA space designated for selling things, whether inside a settlement or outside it.
mineA place for extracting minerals or metals from the ground, whether using surface or subterranean mining techniques.
monasteryA whole monastic complex, including living quarters for the monks or nuns, the church(es), and potentially a refectory, library, school, or other part.
mosqueA building or designated space used for Muslim congregational prayers. It can be part of a larger building complex.
mountainAn elevated physical feature, from Mt. Ararat down to a prominent hill.
mountain-passA path or road, often but not necessarily narrow, that traverses mountains.
natural-featureA natural feature for which there is no more specific category. Examples of this type include forests and hot springs.
oasisA place in a desert or semi-arid land where freshwater makes plants grow.
open-waterA broad category for seas, lakes, oceans, and ponds.
ordoAn encampment of nomads, from a single family's ger to the movable cities of the Mongol khans. The location shifts over time, but a person's ordo is a continuous conceptual place even as it moves.
provinceA political unit subject to a "state" but larger than a city. States often have multiple levels of administrative units, all of which can be indicated as a "province."
quarterA neighborhood or subdivision of a city or town.
regionA term indicating a geographic extent larger than a city, without a corresponding politico-administrative apparatus. The size could range from a small valley to an entire continent.
riverA stream of water of whatever size, from the smallest creek to the Nile River.
roadAny path along which travel is conducted, from the narrowest foot-trail to a royal highway.
settlementAny collection of civilian residences, from the smallest village to the largest metropolis.
springA source of water coming up from the ground.
stateA sovereign government such as an empire, kingdom, caliphate, or independent emirate.
synagogueA building designated for use in Jewish worship.
temple A building designated for use in pagan worship.
unknownA place whose name is known, but what sort of place it represents is unknown (or not yet entered).
wadiA river-bed which is dry at least part of the time.
waterAny water for which a more specific type (such as canal or spring or river) is not known.
wellA place where water is hauled up to the surface of the ground. There may or may not be a building of some kind above the hole from which the water is extracted. The hole itself may be natural or artificial.