Hungary (region)


a region in eastern Europe


  • Arabic: الهنكر = al-Hunkar 1
  • Greek: Παιονία, Παιονίας, Παιονίᾳ, Παιονίαν = Paionia, Paionias, Paionia, Paionian 2
  • Hebrew: איגוריה = ʾYGWRYH 3
  • Hebrew: אנננכורה = ʾNNNKWRH 4
  • Latin: Ungaria 5

Temporal Data

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Show table of instances where this place is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī. 1 before c. 1225c.1225877 A.H. / 14721995
Event mentioned by Laonikos Chalkokondyles. 2 before 14641464-1468mid-late 15th C2014
Events mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela 3-4 before c.1170c.117313th C1907
Events mentioned by Burchard of Mount Sion 5 c.1280c.128414th C1864


  • 1Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (2) 474 [Arabic].
  • 2Hungary: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 2.17, 21, 44; 4.63; 5.36, 45; 6.2; 8.60; 10.45, 47 [Greek with English translation].
  • 3Hungaria: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 106 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 4Hungaria: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 20 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 5Ungaria: Burchard of Mount Sion, Descriptio Terrae Sanctae, in J. C. M. Laurent, ed., Peregrinatores Medii Aevi Quatuor (Leipzig: C. P. Melzeri, 1864), XII 6. XIII 1. [Latin].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, et al., “Hungary” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified September 16, 2021,

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; place categorization; abstract; matching and transliteration from Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī’s Muʿjam al-Buldān; categorization, matching, Greek collection and transliteration from Chalkokondyles' history; Hebrew transliteration from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue; and matching from Laurent's Peregrinatores medii aevi quattuor
  • Josh Kuch: categorization from Chalkokondyles' history
  • Liran Yadgar: categorization, matching, Hebrew collection from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue
  • Margaret Gaida: categorization from Laurent's Peregrinatores medii aevi quattuor
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