Lombardy (region)

URI https://medievalmideast.org/place/2294

A wide region in the land of the Franks between Constantinople and al-Andalus


  • Arabic: الأنكبردة = al-Ankaburda 1
  • Greek: Λιγυρίας, Λιγυρίαν, Λιγυρίων = Ligyrias, Ligyrian, Ligyriōn 2
  • Hebrew: לונברדיאה = LWNBRDYʾH 3
  • Latin: Lombardia 4

Temporal Data

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Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī. 1 before c. 1225c.1225877 A.H. / 14721995
Event mentioned by Laonikos Chalkokondyles. 2 before 14641464-1468mid-late 15th C2014
Events mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela 3 before c.1170c.117313th C1907
Events mentioned by Burchard of Mount Sion 4 c.1280c.128414th C1864


  • 1Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (1) 262، 273 [Arabic].
  • 2Lombardy: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 2.19, 29-31; 4.28-31, 39; 5.63; 6.17-18, 21; 9.69 [Greek with English translation].
  • 3Lombardy: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 3, 7, 12, 20, 106 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 4Lombardia: Burchard of Mount Sion, Descriptio Terrae Sanctae, in J. C. M. Laurent, ed., Peregrinatores Medii Aevi Quatuor (Leipzig: C. P. Melzeri, 1864), I 1, III 8. [Latin].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, et al., “Lombardy” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified September 16, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/place/2294.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; place categorization; abstract; matching and transliteration from Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī’s Muʿjam al-Buldān; categorization, matching, Greek collection and transliteration from Chalkokondyles' history; Hebrew transliteration from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue; and matching from Laurent's Peregrinatores medii aevi quattuor
  • Josh Kuch: categorization from Chalkokondyles' history
  • Liran Yadgar: categorization, matching, Hebrew collection from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue
  • Margaret Gaida: categorization from Laurent's Peregrinatores medii aevi quattuor
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