Mediterranean Sea (open water)

URI https://medievalmideast.org/place/2771

A place

Names

  • Arabic: بحر المغرب = Baḥr al-Maghrib 1
  • Arabic: بحر أطرابلس = Baḥr Aṭrābulus 2
  • Armenian: Արեւմտական Ծով = Arewmtakan Tsov 3
  • Hebrew: ים ספרד = YM SPRD 4
  • Hebrew: ים של ארץ ישראל = YM ShL ʾRṢ YŚRʾL 5
  • Hebrew: הים הגדול = HYM HGDWL 6
  • Hebrew: הים האחרון = HYM HʾḤRWN 7
  • Latin: mare magnum 8
  • Persian: دریای روم = Daryā-yi Rūm 9
Show table of instances where this place is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī. 1 before c. 1225c.1225877 A.H. / 14721995
Event mentioned by Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād. 2 before 843 CEc. 820-843 CE687 A.H. / 1288-9 CE1993
Event mentioned by Ṛstakēs. 3 1315131513151950
Events mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela 4-7 before c.1170c.117313th C1907
Events mentioned by Burchard of Mount Sion 8 c.1280c.128414th C1864
Events mentioned by Nāṣir-i Khusraw 9 c. 1050circa 106510th C Hijrī/16th C CE2001

Sources

  • 1Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (1) 345 [Arabic].
  • 2Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, Kitāb al-Fitan, edited by Suhayl Zakkār (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1993), 431 [Arabic].
    • Tripoli, Sea of: Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, The Book of Tribulations: The Syrian Muslim Apocalyptic Tradition, translated by David Cook (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017), 441 [English].
  • 3L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1950), no. 151 pp. 114-115 [Armenian].
    • Arewmtakan Cov: Avedis K. Sanjian, trans., Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1315 (no. 2) [English].
  • 4Sea of Sepharad: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 20 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 5Sea of the Land of Israel: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 28 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 6Great Sea: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 31 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 7Uttermost Sea: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 46 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 8mare magnum: Burchard of Mount Sion, Descriptio Terrae Sanctae, in J. C. M. Laurent, ed., Peregrinatores Medii Aevi Quatuor (Leipzig: C. P. Melzeri, 1864), prol. 18, I 2. 5, II 1. 8. 14, VII 1 ter, IX 20, X 4, XI 2, XI 4. 6. 9. 12. [Latin].
  • 9Mediterranean Sea: Nāṣir-i Khusraw, Nasir-i Khusraw's Book of Travels, ed. Wheeler M. Thackston (Costa Mesa, Calif.: Mazda, 2001), 53-54 [Persian with English translation].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, et al., “Mediterranean Sea” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified July 31, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/place/2771.