A representative of a foreign state


  • Armenian: գանձալաւս = gandzalaws 1
  • Syriac: ܐܘܦܛܘ = ʾWPṬW 2

Temporal Data

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Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Karapet.1 1365136513651950
Events mentioned by Michael the Syrian2 before 11991195-1199?15982009


  • 1L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1950), no. 569 pp. 469-469 [Armenian].
    • ganjalaws: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1365 (no. 2) [English].
  • 2Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 67 [Syriac].
    • consuls: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), I, 102, 105, 110 [French].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, McKenzie Cady, and Jessica Mutter, “consul” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified September 16, 2021,

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; abstract; matching, Armenian collection/transliteration from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts; and matching, Syriac name collection and transliteration from Michael's chronicle
  • McKenzie Cady: citation generation from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts and categorization from Michael's chronicle
  • Jessica Mutter: matching from Michael's chronicle
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