Antichrist

URI https://medievalmideast.org/practice/357

An eschatological figure in Christianity and Islam on the side of evil

Names

  • Arabic: دجال = Dajjāl 1
  • Armenian: Նեռն = Neṛn 2-15
  • Latin: Antichristus 16
Show table of instances where this practice is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād.1 before 843 CEc. 820-843 CE687 A.H. / 1288-9 CE1993
Event mentioned by an Armenian scribe.2 1307130713071950
Event mentioned by an Armenian scribe.3 1307130713071950
Event mentioned by Abraham.4 1315131513151950
Event mentioned by an Armenian scribe.5 1355135513551950
Event mentioned by Yovanēs.6 1358135813581950
Event mentioned by Karapet.7 1365136513651950
Event mentioned by Tirats‘u.8 1388138813881950
Event mentioned by Grigor (Tserents‘) Khlat‘ets‘i.9 1400140014001950
Event mentioned by T‘umay T‘avrizets‘i.10 1403140314031955
Event mentioned by Yovanēs.11 1407140714071955
Event mentioned by Grigor (Tserents‘) Khlat‘ets‘i.12 1422142214221955
Event mentioned by T‘ovma Metsop‘ets‘i.13 1435143514351955
Event mentioned by Shmawon.14 1437143714371955
Event mentioned by an Armenian scribe.15 1458145814581955
Events mentioned by Riccoldo da Montecroce16 c. 1289c.129014th C1864

Sources

  • 1Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, Kitāb al-Fitan, edited by Suhayl Zakkār (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1993), 27-30, 32, 142, 148, 216, 235, 246, 248, 251-2, 257, 260-1, 263, 281, 283-4, 286, 290, 293, 299-302, 304-5, 315-33, 335-8, 340, 342-50, 352-7, 361-2, 364-5, 375, 396, 402, 414, 418, 420-1, 432 [Arabic].
    • Dajjāl: Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, The Book of Tribulations: The Syrian Muslim Apocalyptic Tradition, translated by David Cook (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017), 15, 16, 17, 20–1, 130, 134, 191n, 231–2, 237, 242, 249, 278, 280–1, 290, 295, 304, 305, 308, 310, 312, 319, 320-1, 321n, 322, 323, 326, 328-50, 352, 353-4, 355-6, 357, 359, 383, 421, 426, 444 [English].
  • 2L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1950), no. 61 p. 46 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1307 (no. 1) [English].
  • 3L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1950), no. 65 p. 51 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1307 (no. 5) [English].
  • 4L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1950), no. 150 p. 113 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1315 (no. 1) [English].
  • 5L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1950), no. 496 p. 414 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1355 (no. 2) [English].
  • 6L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1950), no. 519 p. 433 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1358 (no. 1) [English].
  • 7L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1950), no. 569 pp. 469-469 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1365 (no. 2) [English].
  • 8L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1950), no. 719 p. 574 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1388 (no. 2) [English].
  • 9L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XIV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1950), no. 784a pp. 627-629 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1400 (no. 1) [English].
  • 10L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1955), no. 31a I: p. 31 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1403 (no. 1) [English].
  • 11L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1955), no. 72a I: pp. 66-70 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1407 (no. 1) [English].
  • 12L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1955), nos. 300, 300b I: pp. 272-288 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1422 (no. 1) [English].
  • 13L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1955), no. 495a I: p. 452 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1435 (no. 3) [English].
  • 14L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1955), no. 514a I: pp. 468-470 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1437 (no. 1) [English].
  • 15L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1955), I: pp. 507-508, n.1 [Armenian].
    • Neṙn: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1458 (no. 1) [English].
  • 16Antichristus: Riccoldo da Montecroce, Liber Peregrinationis, in J. C. M. Laurent, ed., Peregrinatores Medii Aevi Quatuor (Leipzig: C. P. Melzeri, 1864), XXXVI 6 bis. [Latin].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, et al., “Antichrist” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified September 16, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/practice/357.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; abstract; matching, Armenian collection/transliteration from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts; and matching from Laurent's Peregrinatores medii aevi quattuor
  • Jessica Mutter: categorization, matching, Arabic name collection and transcription from Nuʿaym Ibn Ḥammād’s Kitāb al-Fitan
  • McKenzie Cady: citation generation from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts
  • Margaret Gaida: disambiguation from Laurent's Peregrinatores medii aevi quattuor
Show additional credits