Roman papacy

URI https://medievalmideast.org/practice/639

An office

Names

  • Arabic: البابة = al-bāba 1
  • Greek: ὁ τῶν Ῥωμαίων ἀρχιερεὺς, τοῦ Ῥωμαίων ἀρχιερέως, τῷ Ῥωμαίων ἀρχιερεῖ, τὸν Ῥωμαίων ἀρχιερέα = ho tōn Rhōmaiōn arkhiereus, tou Rhōmaiōn arkhiereōs, tō Rhōmaiōn arkhierei, ton Rhōmaiōn arkhierea 2
  • Greek: τῷ μεγίστῳ αὐτῶν ἀρχιερεῖ, αὐτῶν ἀρχιερέα τὸν μέγιστον = tō megistō autōn arkhierei, autōn arkhierea ton megiston 3
  • Greek: τοῦ Ῥωμαίων μεγάλου ἀρχιερέως = tou Rhōmaiōn megalou arkhiereōs 4
  • Greek: τοῦ Ῥώμης ἀρχιερέως, τὸν Ῥώμης ἀρχιερέα, οἱ τῆς Ῥώμης ἀρχιερεῖς = tou Rhōmēs arkhiereōs, ton Rhōmēs arkhierea, hoi tēs Rhōmēs arkhiereis 5
  • Greek: τὴν Ῥώμης ἀρχιερατείαν = tēn Rhōmēs arkhierateian 6
  • Hebrew: אגמון = ʾGMWN 7
  • Hebrew: האפיפיור של רומה = HʾPYPYWR ShL RWMH 8
  • Syriac: ܦܦܐ = PPʾ 9
  • Syriac: ܦܐܦܐ ܕܪܘܡܝ = PʾPʾ DRWMY 10
  • Syriac: ܦܛܪܝܪܟܐ ܕܪܘܡܝ = PṬRYRKʾ DRWMY 11
  • Syriac: ܐܦܘܣܛܘܠܘܣ = ʾPWSṬWLWS 12
Show table of instances where this practice is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Ibn Baṭṭūṭa.1 before 1354 CE1354-1356early 1180 A.H. / 17661997
Event mentioned by Laonikos Chalkokondyles.2-6 before 14641464-1468mid-late 15th C2014
Events mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela7-8 before c.1170c.117313th C1907
Events mentioned by Michael the Syrian9-12 before 11991195-1199?15982009

Sources

  • 1Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), 2:191, 251, 255 [Arabic].
    • The Pope: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), II, 446, 509, 510 [English].
  • 2pontiff of the Romans: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 1.6, 7; 2.18-19; 3.26; 4.49; 5.28-30; 6.7, 13, 53, 55; 8.17, 49, 59, 62; 9.62 [Greek with English translation].
  • 3their great pontiff: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 1.5, 6 [Greek with English translation].
  • 4the great pontiff of the Romans: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 2.15, 19 [Greek with English translation].
  • 5the pontiff of the Romans: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 2.18; 4.24; 6.11, 14, 27-28, 53; 8.59, 66-67 [Greek with English translation].
  • 6the pontificate at Rome: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 6.27 [Greek with English translation].
  • 7Agmon: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 8 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 8Pope of Rome: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 8, 20, 54 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 9Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 628 [Syriac].
    • le pape: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 255 [French].
  • 10Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 721 [Syriac].
    • le pape de Rome: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 377 [French].
  • 11Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 728 [Syriac].
    • patriarche de Rome: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 389 [French].
  • 12Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 722 [Syriac].
    • apostolos: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 378 [French].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, et al., “Roman papacy” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified September 16, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/practice/639.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; abstract; categorization, matching, Arabic collection and transliteration from Ibn Baṭṭūṭa's travel account; categorization, matching, Greek collection and transliteration from Chalkokondyles' history; matching, Hebrew transliteration from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue; and matching, Syriac name collection and transliteration from Michael's chronicle
  • Josh Kuch: categorization from Chalkokondyles' history
  • Liran Yadgar: Hebrew collection from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue
  • Jessica Mutter: matching from Michael's chronicle
  • McKenzie Cady: categorization from Michael's chronicle
Show additional credits