A practice


  • Armenian: թոփ = tʻopʻ 1
  • Greek: τηλεβόλος, τηλεβόλου, τηλεβόλῳ, τηλεβόλον, τηλεβόλοι, τηλεβόλων, τηλεβόλοις, τηλεβόλους = tēlebolos, tēlebolou, tēlebolō, tēlebolon, tēleboloi, tēlebolōn, tēlebolois, tēlebolous 2

Temporal Data

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Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Abraham Ankiwrats‘i.1 before 1453late 15th C16171957
Event mentioned by Laonikos Chalkokondyles.2 before 14641464-1468mid-late 15th C2014


  • 1H.S. Anasyan, ed., Haykakan Aghbyurnerĕ Byuzandiayi Ankman Masin (Yerevan: Haykakan SSṚ Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1957), pp. 35-55 [Armenian].
    • t‘op‘: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1453 (no. 3) [English].
  • 2cannons: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 5.15-17, 36-37, 46; 8.6-7; 9.11 [Greek with English translation].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, McKenzie Cady, and Josh Kuch, “cannons” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified November 10, 2021,

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; matching, Armenian collection/transliteration from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts; and categorization, matching, Greek collection and transliteration from Chalkokondyles' history
  • McKenzie Cady: citation generation from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts
  • Josh Kuch: categorization from Chalkokondyles' history
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