URI https://medievalmideast.org/practice/75

A type of fortification, a tower


  • Armenian: պուրճ = purch 1
  • Hebrew: מגדל = MGDL 2

Temporal Data

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Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Abraham Ankiwrats‘i.1 before 1453late 15th C16171957
Events mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela2 before c.1170c.117313th C1907


  • 1H.S. Anasyan, ed., Haykakan Aghbyurnerĕ Byuzandiayi Ankman Masin (Yerevan: Haykakan SSṚ Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1957), pp. 35-55 [Armenian].
    • purč: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1453 (no. 3) [English].
  • 2Tower: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 6, 7, 11, 13, 19, 20, 22, 30, 31, 35, 50, 65, 66, 85, 86, 95, 103, 104, 105 [Hebrew with English translation].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, McKenzie Cady, and Liran Yadgar, “burj” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified November 10, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/practice/75.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; abstract; matching, Armenian collection/transliteration from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts; and matching, Hebrew transliteration from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue
  • McKenzie Cady: citation generation from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts
  • Liran Yadgar: Hebrew collection from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue
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