The concept of a divinely inspired and sent religious leader


  • Armenian: փէղամբար = pʻēghambar 1
  • Hebrew: נביא = NBYʾ 2
  • Syriac: ܢܒܝܐ = NBYʾ 3

Temporal Data

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Show table of instances where this practice is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Step‘anos.1 1476147614761958
Events mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela2 before c.1170c.117313th C1907
Events mentioned by Michael the Syrian3 before 11991195-1199?15982009


  • 1L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1958), no. 496 II: pp. 393-396 [Armenian].
    • p‘ēłambar: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1476 (no. 2) [English].
  • 2Prophet: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 66-69, 74, 75 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 3Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 409 [Syriac].
    • prophète: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 404 [French].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, et al., “prophet” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified September 16, 2021,

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; abstract; matching, Armenian collection/transliteration from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts; matching, Hebrew transliteration from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue; and matching, Syriac name collection and transliteration from Michael's chronicle
  • McKenzie Cady: citation generation from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts
  • Liran Yadgar: Hebrew collection from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue
  • Jessica Mutter: matching from Michael's chronicle
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