Heraclius

URI https://medievalmideast.org/person/12137

Byzantine Emperor.

Names

  • Arabic: هرقل = Hiraql 1-2
  • Syriac: ܐܝܪܩܠܝܣ = ʾĪraqlīs 3

Attributes

  • Male
  • Death: 641 CE11
  • Office: Roman Emperor from 610 to 6415, 11
Show table of instances where this person is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.1 before c. 1225c.1225877 A.H. / 14721995
Event mentioned by Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād.2 before 843 CEc. 820-843 CE687 A.H. / 1288-9 CE1993
Events mentioned by Michael the Syrian3 before 11991195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.4 921 AG / 609-10 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.5 922-932 AG / 610-621 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.6 933 AG / 621-622 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.7 933-941 AG / 621-630 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.8 945 AG / 633-34 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.9 946-947 AG / 634-636 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.10 940s AG / 630s CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.11 948-952 AG / 636-641 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.12 952-961 AG / 640-650 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.13 610-641 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.14 1115 AG / 803-4 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.15 950 AG / 638-9 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian.16 before 1458 AG / 1147 CE1195-1199?15982009

Sources

  • 1Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (1) 103 (2) 80، 303 (3) 279، 280 (4) 262 (5) 238 [Arabic].
  • 2Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, Kitāb al-Fitan, edited by Suhayl Zakkār (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1993), 136, 237, 287, 288, 292, 299, 300, 301, 303, 305, 306, 310, 322 [Arabic].
    • Heraclius: Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, The Book of Tribulations: The Syrian Muslim Apocalyptic Tradition, translated by David Cook (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017), 124, 285, 287, 303, 305–6, 308, 312 [English].
  • 3Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), I, 2 [French].
  • 4Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 394 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 378 [French].
  • 5Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 406-407 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 400-402 [French].
  • 6Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 407 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 403, 405 [French].
  • 7Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 411-413 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 408-412 [French].
  • 8Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 416 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 414 [French].
  • 9Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 417 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 417-418 [French].
  • 10Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 418 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 422 [French].
  • 11Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 421-424 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 424-427 [French].
  • 12Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 424 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 430, 431 [French].
  • 13Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 429 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 435, 444 [French].
  • 14Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 492 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 16 [French].
  • 15Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 554 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 122 [French].
  • 16Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 642 [Syriac].
    • Héraclius: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 279 [French].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, Jessica Mutter, and McKenzie Cady, “Heraclius” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified September 13, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/person/12137.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; abstract; Wikipedia matching; gender assignment, matching, and transliteration from Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī’s Muʿjam al-Buldān; and matching, Syriac collection and transliteration from Michael's chronicle
  • Jessica Mutter: matching, Arabic name collection and transcription from Nuʿaym Ibn Ḥammād’s Kitāb al-Fitan and matching from Michael's chronicle
  • McKenzie Cady: categorization from Michael's chronicle
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