ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib

URI https://medievalmideast.org/person/7442

The cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the husband of Fatima, the fourth caliph according to Sunnis, and the first Imam according to Shiites.

Names

  • Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب = ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib 1-2, 4-5
  • Arabic: علي = ʿAlī 3
  • Greek: Ἀλίῃ = Aliē 6
  • Hebrew: עלי בן אבי טאלב = ʿLY BN ʾBY ṬʾLB 7
  • Latin: Ahali 8
  • Persian: علی بن ابی طالب = ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib 9
  • Syriac: ܥܠܝ = ʿLY 10
  • Syriac: ܥܠܝ ܒܪ ܐܒܘܛܠܒ = ʿAlī bar Abū Ṭāleb 12
  • Syriac: ܥܵܠܝܼ ܒܲܪ ܐܲܒ̇ܘܼܛܵܐܠܹܒ̇ = ʿAlī bar Abū Ṭāleb 11, 15

Attributes

  • Male
  • Death: 661 CE15
  • Office: Caliph from 656 to 6611, 3, 6, 10, 12, 15
Show table of instances where this person is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.1 before c. 1225c.1225877 A.H. / 14721995
Event mentioned by Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād.2 before 843 CEc. 820-843 CE687 A.H. / 1288-9 CE1993
Event mentioned by Ibn Baṭṭūṭa.5 before 1354 CE1354-135613561997
Event mentioned by Ibn Baṭṭūṭa.3-4 before 1354 CE1354-1356early 1180 A.H. / 17661997
Event mentioned by Laonikos Chalkokondyles.6 before 14641464-1468mid-late 15th C2014
Events mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela7 before c.1170c.117313th C1907
Events mentioned by Riccoldo da Montecroce8 c. 1289c.129014th C1864
Events mentioned by Nāṣir-i Khusraw9 c. 1050circa 106510th C Hijrī/16th C CE2001
Events mentioned by Michael the Syrian10 before 11991195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned in the anonymous Chronicle of 1234.11 946 AG / 634-5 CEearly 1200s14th C1920
Event mentioned in the anonymous Chronicle of 1234.12 966-76 AG / 34-44 AH / 655-65 CEearly 1200s14th C1920
Event mentioned in the anonymous Chronicle of 1234.13 966-76 AG / 34-44 AH / 655-65 CEearly 1200s14th C1920
Event mentioned by Gregory Bar Hebraeus.14 before 12751275-1286?before 1668 A.G./1356-71890
Event mentioned by Gregory Bar Hebraeus.15 968-72 AG / 37-41 AH / 657-61 CE1275-1286?before 1668 A.G./1356-71890
Event mentioned by Gregory Bar Hebraeus.16 530 AH / 1447 AG / 1135-61275-1286?before 1668 A.G./1356-71890
Event mentioned by Gregory Bar Hebraeus.17 567 AH / 1171-21275-1286?before 1668 A.G./1356-71890
Event mentioned by Gregory Bar Hebraeus.18 1485 AG / 1173-41275-1286?before 1668 A.G./1356-71890

Sources

  • 1Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (1) 93، 116، 313، 358، 363، 406، 469 (2) 125، 397 (3) 135، 180، 286 (4) 196، 274، 390 (5) 205، 271 [Arabic].
  • 2Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, Kitāb al-Fitan, edited by Suhayl Zakkār (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1993), 3, 17, 20, 27, 30, 42, 43, 44, 45, 48, 49, 57, 59, 60, 70, 72, 80, 83, 86, 87, 89, 91, 92, 95, 96, 97, 104, 109, 110, 111, 113, 115, 117, 152, 169, 198, 199, 206, 208, 213, 215, 216, 223, 224, 229, 230, 231, 232, 238, 250, 419, 423 [Arabic].
    • `Alī b. Abī Țālib: Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, The Book of Tribulations: The Syrian Muslim Apocalyptic Tradition, translated by David Cook (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017), 6, 14, 17, 20, 24, 26, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36–7, 38, 45, 46–7, 50, 53, 54, 55, 67, 68, 71, 80, 82, 83, 84, 87, 89, 91, 94, 96, 97, 100, 103, 107, 109, 110, 111, 125, 132, 138, 154, 157, 158, 163, 168, 169, 175, 177, 178, 179, 181, 186, 188, 189, 192, 195, 198, 199, 200, 208, 210, 211, 212, 214, 219, 224, 235, 322, 401, 414, 425 [English].
  • 3Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), 1:364, 366, 423; 2:7, 38 [Arabic].
    • ʿAlī: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), I, 184, 187, 257-58; II, 271, 302-3 [English].
  • 4Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), 1:223, 291, 421; 2:13, 33, 54-55 [Arabic].
    • ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), I, 60, 111, 256; II:277, 297, 322 [English].
  • 5Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), 4:141 [Arabic].
    • ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), IV, 898 [English].
  • 6Ali: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 3.18 [Greek with English translation].
  • 7Ali ben Abi Talib: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 69 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 8Ahali: Riccoldo da Montecroce, Liber Peregrinationis, in J. C. M. Laurent, ed., Peregrinatores Medii Aevi Quatuor (Leipzig: C. P. Melzeri, 1864), XVIII 8. 9. [Latin].
  • 9Ali b. Abi-Talib: Nāṣir-i Khusraw, Nasir-i Khusraw's Book of Travels, ed. Wheeler M. Thackston (Costa Mesa, Calif.: Mazda, 2001), 88, 104 [Persian with English translation].
  • 10Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 437 [Syriac].
    • ‘Alî abou Ṭaleb: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 450, 522; III, 57. [French].
  • 11J.-B. Chabot, ed., Anonymi Auctoris Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1920), I:255 [Syriac].
    • J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1937), 199 [Latin].
  • 12J.-B. Chabot, ed., Anonymi Auctoris Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1920), I:276-80 [Syriac].
    • J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1937), 215-18 [Latin].
  • 13J.-B. Chabot, ed., Anonymi Auctoris Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1920), I:281 [Syriac].
    • J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1937), 219 [Latin].
  • 14Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, ed. Paul Bedjan (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1890), 98 [Syriac].
    • Ernest A. Wallis Budge, trans., The Chronography of Gregory Abû’l Faraj the Son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), 92 [English].
  • 15Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, ed. Paul Bedjan (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1890), 107 [Syriac].
    • Ernest A. Wallis Budge, trans., The Chronography of Gregory Abû’l Faraj the Son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), 99-100 [English].
  • 16Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, ed. Paul Bedjan (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1890), 298 [Syriac].
    • Ernest A. Wallis Budge, trans., The Chronography of Gregory Abû’l Faraj the Son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), 262 [English].
  • 17Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, ed. Paul Bedjan (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1890), 344 [Syriac].
    • Ernest A. Wallis Budge, trans., The Chronography of Gregory Abû’l Faraj the Son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), 300 [English].
  • 18Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, ed. Paul Bedjan (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1890), 347 [Syriac].
    • Ernest A. Wallis Budge, trans., The Chronography of Gregory Abû’l Faraj the Son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), 302 [English].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, et al., “ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified September 14, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/person/7442.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; abstract; Wikipedia matching; gender assignment, matching, and transliteration from Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī’s Muʿjam al-Buldān; matching, Arabic transliteration from Ibn Baṭṭūṭa's travel account; matching, Greek transliteration from Chalkokondyles' history; Hebrew transliteration from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue; matching from Laurent's Peregrinatores medii aevi quattuor; matching from Nāṣir-i Khusraw's travelogue; and matching, Syriac collection and transliteration from Michael's chronicle
  • Jessica Mutter: matching, Arabic name collection and transcription from Nuʿaym Ibn Ḥammād’s Kitāb al-Fitan; Arabic collection from Ibn Baṭṭūṭa's travel account; and matching from Michael's chronicle
  • Josh Kuch: categorization and Greek collection from Chalkokondyles' history
  • Liran Yadgar: matching, Hebrew collection from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue
  • Margaret Gaida: matching from Laurent's Peregrinatores medii aevi quattuor
  • Mary Papadopoulos: matching, Persian collection and transliteration from Nāṣir-i Khusraw's travelogue
  • McKenzie Cady: categorization from Michael's chronicle
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