ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib

URI https://medievalmideast.org/person/7442

The cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the husband of Fatima, the fourth caliph according to Sunnis, and the first Imam according to Shiites.

Names

  • Arabic: علي بن أبي طالب = ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib 1, 4
  • Greek: Ἀλίῃ = Aliē 5
  • Hebrew: עלי בן אבי טאלב = ʿLY BN ʾBY ṬʾLB 6
  • Latin: Ahali 7
  • Syriac: ܥܠܝ = ʿAlī 8
  • Syriac: ܥܠܝ ܒܪ ܐܒܘܛܠܒ = ʿAlī bar Abū Ṭāleb 10
  • Syriac: ܥܵܠܝܼ ܒܲܪ ܐܲܒ̇ܘܼܛܵܐܠܹܒ̇ = ʿAlī bar Abū Ṭāleb 9, 13

Attributes

  • Male
  • Death: 661 CE13
  • Office: Caliph from 656 to 6611, 3, 5, 8, 10, 13
Show table of instances where this person is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī.1 before c. 1225c.1225877 A.H. / 14721995
Event mentioned by Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād.2 before 843 CEc. 820-843 CE687 A.H. / 1288-9 CE1993
Event mentioned by Ibn Baṭṭūṭa.3-4 before 1354 CE1354-1356early 1180 A.H. / 17661853
Event mentioned by Laonikos Chalkokondyles.5 before 14641464-1468mid-late 15th C2014
Events mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela6 before c.1170c.117313th C1907
Events mentioned by Riccoldo da Montecroce7 c. 1289c.129014th C1864
Events mentioned by Michael the Syrian8 before 11991195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned in the anonymous Chronicle of 1234.9 946 AG / 634-5 CEearly 1200s14th C1920
Event mentioned in the anonymous Chronicle of 1234.10 966-76 AG / 34-44 AH / 655-65 CEearly 1200s14th C1920
Event mentioned in the anonymous Chronicle of 1234.11 966-76 AG / 34-44 AH / 655-65 CEearly 1200s14th C1920
Event mentioned by Gregory Bar Hebraeus.12 before 12751275-1286?before 1668 A.G./1356-71890
Event mentioned by Gregory Bar Hebraeus.13 968-72 AG / 37-41 AH / 657-61 CE1275-1286?before 1668 A.G./1356-71890
Event mentioned by Gregory Bar Hebraeus.14 530 AH / 1447 AG / 1135-61275-1286?before 1668 A.G./1356-71890
Event mentioned by Gregory Bar Hebraeus.15 567 AH / 1171-21275-1286?before 1668 A.G./1356-71890
Event mentioned by Gregory Bar Hebraeus.16 1485 AG / 1173-41275-1286?before 1668 A.G./1356-71890

Sources

  • 1Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (1) 93، 116، 313، 358، 363، 406، 469 (2) 125، 397 (3) 135، 180، 286 (4) 196، 274، 390 (5) 205، 271 [Arabic].
  • 2Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, Kitāb al-Fitan, edited by Suhayl Zakkār (Beirut: Dār al-Fikr, 1993), 3, 17, 20, 27, 30, 42, 43, 44, 45, 48, 49, 57, 59, 60, 70, 72, 80, 83, 86, 87, 89, 91, 92, 95, 96, 97, 104, 109, 110, 111, 113, 115, 117, 152, 169, 198, 199, 206, 208, 213, 215, 216, 223, 224, 229, 230, 231, 232, 238, 250, 419, 423 [Arabic].
    • `Alī b. Abī Țālib: Nuʿaym b. Ḥammād, The Book of Tribulations: The Syrian Muslim Apocalyptic Tradition, translated by David Cook (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2017), 6, 14, 17, 20, 24, 26, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36–7, 38, 45, 46–7, 50, 53, 54, 55, 67, 68, 71, 80, 82, 83, 84, 87, 89, 91, 94, 96, 97, 100, 103, 107, 109, 110, 111, 125, 132, 138, 154, 157, 158, 163, 168, 169, 175, 177, 178, 179, 181, 186, 188, 189, 192, 195, 198, 199, 200, 208, 210, 211, 212, 214, 219, 224, 235, 322, 401, 414, 425 [English].
  • 3Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), [Arabic].
    • ʿAlī: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), I, 184, 187; II, 271, 279n., 302-3 [English].
  • 4Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), [Arabic].
    • ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), I, 60, 111, 258; II:297, 303, 322; IV, 898 [English].
  • 5Ali: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 3.18 [Greek with English translation].
  • 6Ali ben Abi Talib: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 69 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 7Ahali: Riccoldo da Montecroce, Liber Peregrinationis, in J. C. M. Laurent, ed., Peregrinatores Medii Aevi Quatuor (Leipzig: C. P. Melzeri, 1864), XVIII 8. 9. [Latin].
  • 8Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 437 [Syriac].
    • ‘Alî abou Ṭaleb: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 450, 522; III, 57. [French].
  • 9J.-B. Chabot, ed., Anonymi Auctoris Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1920), I:255 [Syriac].
    • J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1937), 199 [Latin].
  • 10J.-B. Chabot, ed., Anonymi Auctoris Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1920), I:276-80 [Syriac].
    • J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1937), 215-18 [Latin].
  • 11J.-B. Chabot, ed., Anonymi Auctoris Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1920), I:281 [Syriac].
    • J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronicon ad Annum Christi 1234 Pertinens (Paris: E Typographeo Reipublicae, 1937), 219 [Latin].
  • 12Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, ed. Paul Bedjan (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1890), 98 [Syriac].
    • Ernest A. Wallis Budge, trans., The Chronography of Gregory Abû’l Faraj the Son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), 92 [English].
  • 13Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, ed. Paul Bedjan (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1890), 107 [Syriac].
    • Ernest A. Wallis Budge, trans., The Chronography of Gregory Abû’l Faraj the Son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), 99-100 [English].
  • 14Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, ed. Paul Bedjan (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1890), 298 [Syriac].
    • Ernest A. Wallis Budge, trans., The Chronography of Gregory Abû’l Faraj the Son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), 262 [English].
  • 15Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, ed. Paul Bedjan (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1890), 344 [Syriac].
    • Ernest A. Wallis Budge, trans., The Chronography of Gregory Abû’l Faraj the Son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), 300 [English].
  • 16Gregory Barhebraeus, Chronicon Syriacum, ed. Paul Bedjan (Paris: Maisonneuve, 1890), 347 [Syriac].
    • Ernest A. Wallis Budge, trans., The Chronography of Gregory Abû’l Faraj the Son of Aaron, the Hebrew Physician Commonly Known as Bar Hebraeus (London: Oxford University Press, 1932), 302 [English].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, et al., “ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified July 31, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/person/7442.