Mosul (settlement)

URI https://medievalmideast.org/place/11

A city in northern Iraq

Names

  • Arabic: الموصل = al-Mawṣil 1, 3, 8
  • Arabic: أثور = Athūr 2
  • Armenian: Մօսլ = Mōsl 9
  • Hebrew: אל מוצל = ʾL MWṢL 4
  • Hebrew: אשור = ʾShWR 5
  • Latin: Monsal 6
  • Persian: موصل = Mawṣil 10
  • Syriac: ܡܘܨܠ = MWṢL 7, 11
Show table of instances where this place is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī. 1-2 before c. 1225c.1225877 A.H. / 14721995
Event mentioned by Ibn Baṭṭūṭa. 3 before 1354 CE1354-1356early 1180 A.H. / 17661853
Events mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela 4-5 before c.1170c.117313th C1907
Events mentioned by Riccoldo da Montecroce 6 c. 1289c.129014th C1864
Events mentioned by Michael the Syrian 7 before 11991195-1199?15982009
Hülegü Ilkhān killed al-Malik al-Ṣāliḥ. 8 1262126212621838
Seljuq attack on Mosul was defeated. 9 1045c.1275c.12901956
Tīmūr Lang brought plunder from Jazīrat Ibn ʿUmar. 10 1394c.142514361887
Barṣawmo Ṣafī visited Mosul to prevent a schism among the Syriac Orthodox. 11 c. 130014th or 15th C16th C1872

Sources

  • 1Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (1) 92، 132، 138، 146، 238، 291، 308، 312، 320، 321، 324، 325، 333، 423، 472، 476، 478، 481، 528، 530 (2) 22، 38، 39، 41، 42، 94، 101، 113، 115، 138، 149، 184، 189، 194، 211، 227، 230، 240، 260، 283، 299، 310، 335، 338، 358، 374، 381، 406، 432، 441، 447، 486، 494، 498، 500، 503، 513، 519، 522، 529، 530، 531، 533، 538، 543 (3) 55، 66، 123، 159، 234، 238، 262، 338، 349 (4) 86، 116، 136، 149، 153، 308، 419، 424، 428، 451، 456، 486 (5) 28، 101، 109، 223، 276، 288، 343، 353، 403، 408 [Arabic].
  • 2Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (1) 92 [Arabic].
  • 3Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), 2:73, 78-85 [Arabic].
    • al-Mawṣil: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), II, 341, 346-50 [English].
  • 4Mosul: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 52, 53 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 5Assur: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 52, 53, 80 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 6Monsal: Riccoldo da Montecroce, Liber Peregrinationis, in J. C. M. Laurent, ed., Peregrinatores Medii Aevi Quatuor (Leipzig: C. P. Melzeri, 1864), XVI 6. [Latin].
  • 7Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 451 [Syriac].
    • Mossoul: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 474, 489, 502, 513, 520; III, 3, 29, 32, 35, 48, 69, 73, 85-87, 192.193, 195, 196, 215, 216, 227, 229, 233, 236, 237, 240-242, 249, 307, 308, 312, 313, 316, 318, 325, 327, 339, 340, 342, 346, 351, 359-362, 365, 368, 384-386, 389, 394, 397, 401, 402, 404, 406, 410, 451, 453, 457, 523, 524. [French].
    • Mosul: Michael the Syrian, The Chronicle of Michael the Great (The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex): Books XV–XXI From the Year 1050 to 1195 AD, ed. Amir Harrak (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2019), xiv, xv–xvii, xxiii, xxvi, 80, 82, 88, 98 n.302, 128 n.392, 130, 134, 154, 156 & n.480, 158 & n.486, 160 & n.491, 164, 172, 178, 180, 182, 196, 218, 224, 228, 232, 234, 236, 246, 252, 310, 320, 328, 330, 332, 334, 342, 350, 366, 368, 370, 372, 376, 378, 380, 382, 384, 414, 418, 428, 432, 438, 444, 446, 450, 456, 464 [Syriac with English translation].
  • 8J. Forshall, ed., Codicum Manuscriptorum Orientalium qui in Museo Britannico Asservantur (London: British Museum, 1838), I:90 [Arabic with Latin Translation].
  • 9Khorēn Ghazareani, ed., Smbatay Sparapeti Taregirk’ (Venice: S. Ghazar, 1956), 42-43 [Armenian].
    • Robert Bedrosian, trans., Smbat Sparapet's Chronicle (Long Branch, N.J.: Sources of the Armenian Tradition, 2005), 21 [English].
  • 10‘Alī Yazdī, ed. Muhammad Ilahdad, Ẓafarnāma (Calcutta: Thomas, 1887), I:675 [Persian].
    • ‘Alī Yazdī, The History of Timur-Bec, Known by the Name of Tamerlain the Great (London: J. Darby, 1723), I:460 [English].
  • 11Joannes Baptista Abbeloos and Thomas J. Lamy, eds., Gregorii Barhebraei Chronicon Ecclesiasticum (Leuven: Peeters, 1872), I:787-788 [Syriac with Latin Translation].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, et al., “Mosul” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified July 31, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/place/11.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; place categorization; matching and transliteration from Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī’s Muʿjam al-Buldān; categorization, matching, Arabic collection and transliteration from Ibn Baṭṭūṭa's travel account; Hebrew transliteration from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue; matching from Laurent's Peregrinatores medii aevi quattuor; and categorization, matching, Syriac collection and transliteration, and reconciling Harrak's pages from Michael's chronicle
  • Evan Willford: abstract; Syriac Gazetter matching; Wikipedia matching and GPS coordinates; and matching from Ibn Baṭṭūṭa's travel account
  • Liran Yadgar: categorization, matching, Hebrew collection from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue
  • Margaret Gaida: categorization from Laurent's Peregrinatores medii aevi quattuor
  • Jessica Mutter: categorization, matching, and reconciling Harrak's pages from Michael's chronicle
  • McKenzie Cady: categorization from Michael's chronicle
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