khandaq

URI https://medievalmideast.org/practice/104

A ditch or moat used for defensive purposes

Names

  • Armenian: խանդակ = khandak 1
  • Armenian: խանտակ = khantak 2
Show table of instances where this practice is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Grigor (Tserents‘) Khlat‘ets‘i.1 1422142214221955
Event mentioned by Abraham Ankiwrats‘i.2 before 1453late 15th C16171957

Sources

  • 1L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1955), nos. 300, 300b I: pp. 272-288 [Armenian].
    • xandak: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1422 (no. 1) [English].
  • 2H.S. Anasyan, ed., Haykakan Aghbyurnerĕ Byuzandiayi Ankman Masin (Yerevan: Haykakan SSṚ Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1957), pp. 35-55 [Armenian].
    • xantak: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1453 (no. 3) [English].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson and McKenzie Cady, “khandaq” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified November 10, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/practice/104.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; abstract; and matching, Armenian collection/transliteration from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts
  • McKenzie Cady: citation generation from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts
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