sipāhī

URI https://medievalmideast.org/practice/319

A variety of cavalry used by Turkic rulers

Names

  • Arabic: الإصباهية = al-iṣbāhiyya 1-2
  • Greek: σπαχίδες, σπαχίδας = spakhides, spakhidas 3
  • Greek: σπαχογλάνους = spakhoglanous 4
Show table of instances where this practice is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Ibn Baṭṭūṭa.1-2 before 1354 CE1354-135613561997
Event mentioned by Laonikos Chalkokondyles.3 before 14641464-1468mid-late 15th C2014
Event mentioned by Georgios Amiroutzes.4 before 14701464-1470mid-late 15th C2014

Sources

  • 1Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), 4:151 [Arabic].
    • sipāhis: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), IV, 905 [English].
  • 2Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), 4:152 [Arabic].
    • ṣepāhīs: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), IV, 907 [English].
  • 3sipahis: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 5.13; 8.77 [Greek with English translation].
  • 4sipahi-oğlan: Laonikos Chalkokondyles, The Histories, ed. Anthony Kaldellis (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2014), para. 9.79 [Greek with English translation].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson and Josh Kuch, “sipāhī” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified September 16, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/practice/319.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; abstract; Wikipedia matching; categorization, matching, Arabic collection and transliteration from Ibn Baṭṭūṭa's travel account; and categorization, matching, Greek collection and transliteration from Chalkokondyles' history
  • Josh Kuch: categorization from Chalkokondyles' history
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