Jazira (settlement)

URI https://medievalmideast.org/place/18

A city on the Tigris upriver from Mosul (modern Cizre).

Names

  • Arabic: جزيرة ابن عمر = Jazīrat Ibn ʿUmar 1-2
  • Armenian: Ճզիրայ = Chziray 3
  • Armenian: Ջըզիրայ = Jěziray 4
  • Hebrew: גזירה אבן עמר = GZYRH ʾBN ʿMR 5
  • Hebrew: גזירת עמר = GZYRT ʿMR 6
  • Syriac: ܓܙܝܪܬܐ = Gazirta 7, 9-10
  • Syriac: ܓܙܝܪܐ = Gazira 11
Show table of instances where this place is mentioned
Event DescriptionDate
Event mentioned by Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī. 1 before c. 1225c.1225877 A.H. / 14721995
Event mentioned by Ibn Baṭṭūṭa. 2 before 1354 CE1354-1356early 1180 A.H. / 17661853
Event mentioned by Dawit‘ (Merdints‘i). 3 1452145214521956
Event mentioned by Movsēs Artskets‘i. 4 1472147214721958
Events mentioned by Benjamin of Tudela 5-6 before c.1170c.117313th C1907
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian. 7 1056 A.G. / 744-51195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian. 8 between 1087 A.G./776 CE and 1094 A.G./783 CE1195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian. 9 502 A.H. / 1108-11091195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian. 10 508 A.H. / 1114-11151195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian. 11 c. 11301195-1199?15982009
Event mentioned by Michael the Syrian. 12 1504-1506 A.G./1193-5 CE1195-1199?15982009

Sources

  • 1Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī, Muʿjam al-buldān (Beirut: Dār Ṣādr, 1995), (1) 146، 321، 322، 325، 381 (2) 84، 138، 179، 260، 306، 441، 495، 499، 500، 511، 522، 525، 530، 535 (3) 158، 224، 372 (4) 43، 278، 284، 337، 442، 484 (5) 58، 408، 425 [Arabic].
  • 2Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, Riḥlat Ibn Baṭṭūṭa: al-musammāt Tuḥfat al-niẓār fī gharāʾib al-amṣār wa-ʿajāʾib al-asfār, edited by ʿAbd al-Hādī al-Tāzī (al-Ribāṭ: Akādīmiyyat al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya, 1417 H [1996-97]), 2:84 [Arabic].
    • Jazīrat Ibn ʿOmar: H. A. R. Gibb, C. F. Beckingham, and A. D. H. Bivar, trans., The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A.D. 1325-1354 (London: The Hakluyt Society, 1958-2000), II, 350 [English].
  • 3V. A. Hakobyan, ed., Manr Zhamanakagrut‘yunner XIII-XVIII DD. (Yerevan: Haykakan SSṚ Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1951-1956), II:210-212 [Armenian].
    • Čziray: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1452 (no. 5) [English].
  • 4L. S. Khach‘ikyan, ed., XV Dari Hayeren Dzeṛagreri Hishatakaranner (Yerevan: Haykakan S. S. Ṛ. Gitut‘yunneri Akademiayi Hratarakch‘ut‘yun, 1958), no. 424b II: pp. 333-337 [Armenian].
    • J̌əziray: Avedis K. Sanjian, Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts, 1301-1480: A Source for Middle Eastern History (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1969), 1472 (no. 1) [English].
  • 5Geziret Ibn Omar: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 51 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 6Geziret Ibn Omar: Marcus N. Adler, ed., The Itinerary of Benjamin of Tudela (London: Frowde, 1907), 52 [Hebrew with English translation].
  • 7Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 467 [Syriac].
    • Djézireh: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), II, 502. [French].
  • 8Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 482 [Syriac].
    • Djézireh: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 3. [French].
  • 9Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 607 [Syriac].
    • Djézireh: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 215. [French].
    • Jazīrā: Michael the Syrian, The Chronicle of Michael the Great (The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex): Books XV–XXI From the Year 1050 to 1195 AD, ed. Amir Harrak (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2019), 130 [Syriac with English translation].
  • 10Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 607 [Syriac].
    • Gozartha: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 216. [French].
    • Jazīrā: Michael the Syrian, The Chronicle of Michael the Great (The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex): Books XV–XXI From the Year 1050 to 1195 AD, ed. Amir Harrak (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2019), 134 [Syriac with English translation].
  • 11Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 615 [Syriac].
    • Djézireh: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 230. [French].
    • Jazīrā: Michael the Syrian, The Chronicle of Michael the Great (The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex): Books XV–XXI From the Year 1050 to 1195 AD, ed. Amir Harrak (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2019), 158 [Syriac with English translation].
  • 12Gregorios Yuhanna Ibrahim, ed., The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex of the Chronicle of Michael the Great (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2009), 739 [Syriac].
    • Gazarta: J.-B. Chabot, trans., Chronique de Michel le Syrien (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1901), III, 411. [French].
    • Jazīrā: Michael the Syrian, The Chronicle of Michael the Great (The Edessa-Aleppo Syriac Codex): Books XV–XXI From the Year 1050 to 1195 AD, ed. Amir Harrak (Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias Press, 2019), 464 [Syriac with English translation].

How to Cite This Entry

Thomas A. Carlson, et al., “Jazira” in Thomas A. Carlson, ed. Historical Index of the Medieval Middle East, last modified July 31, 2021, https://medievalmideast.org/place/18.

Additional credit information:

  • Thomas A. Carlson: Data merging and XML; place categorization; abstract; matching and transliteration from Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī’s Muʿjam al-Buldān; categorization, matching, Arabic collection and transliteration from Ibn Baṭṭūṭa's travel account; categorization, matching, Armenian collection/transliteration from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts; Hebrew transliteration from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue; and categorization, matching, Syriac collection and transliteration, and reconciling Harrak's pages from Michael's chronicle
  • Evan Willford: Syriac Gazetter matching; Wikipedia matching and GPS coordinates; and matching from Ibn Baṭṭūṭa's travel account
  • McKenzie Cady: citation generation from Sanjian's Colophons of Armenian Manuscripts and categorization from Michael's chronicle
  • Liran Yadgar: categorization, matching, Hebrew collection from Benjamin of Tudela's travelogue
  • Jessica Mutter: categorization, matching, and reconciling Harrak's pages from Michael's chronicle
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